Skip to main content

Posts

Showing posts from 2021

Development Problems that Affect Developing Countries

Development is usually synonymous to improvements in some of the elements of the composition or the composition as a whole. The Oxford Dictionaries defines ‘development’ as “ an event constituting a new stage in a changing situation or the process of change per se.” It is implicitly understood that it is a positive or wanted change. Although the term usually connotes economic prosperity, it is argued that the economic development theory is normally used to explain a transformation in a country’s economy that involves both qualitative and quantitative improvements. When it comes to societies or socio-economic compositions, development is usually synonymous to improvements in some of the elements of the composition or the composition as a whole. Bellu, 2011 emphasized that this may happen as a consequence of some focused actions carried out by simple agents or as a consequence of policies, projects or programs that are planned and performed both by the public and private authorities

Concept of Cultural Hegemony According to Antonio Gramsci

When Antonio Gramsci talks about hegemony, he refers to the hegemony of a specific “dominant social group or groups” over the whole society.. . It was the Italian Marxist philosopher  Antonio Gramsci  who introduced the concept of “cultural hegemony”. In the  Selections from the Prison Notebooks  (1999), Gramsci argued that power is based on the presence of two elements: force and consensus.  If force triumphs over consensus, dominion is obtained.  On the other hand, if consensus prevails, hegemony exists. Thus, for Gramsci, hegemony is grounded essentially on consensus.  And this consensus is achieved by means of persuasion.   Persuasion  in all its forms is thereby used to convince that a specific political or cultural idea is better than the others or is “the only way” to view the world.  It is noteworthy to emphasize that   hegemony,  for Gramsci, is the hegemony of a specific “dominant social group or groups” over the whole society, applied  through the various st