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Development Problems that Affect Developing Countries

Development is usually synonymous to improvements in some of the elements of the composition or the composition as a whole. The Oxford Dictionaries defines ‘development’ as “ an event constituting a new stage in a changing situation or the process of change per se.” It is implicitly understood that it is a positive or wanted change. Although the term usually connotes economic prosperity, it is argued that the economic development theory is normally used to explain a transformation in a country’s economy that involves both qualitative and quantitative improvements. When it comes to societies or socio-economic compositions, development is usually synonymous to improvements in some of the elements of the composition or the composition as a whole. Bellu, 2011 emphasized that this may happen as a consequence of some focused actions carried out by simple agents or as a consequence of policies, projects or programs that are planned and performed both by the public and private authorities
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Concept of Cultural Hegemony According to Antonio Gramsci

When Antonio Gramsci talks about hegemony, he refers to the hegemony of a specific “dominant social group or groups” over the whole society.. . It was the Italian Marxist philosopher  Antonio Gramsci  who introduced the concept of “cultural hegemony”. In the  Selections from the Prison Notebooks  (1999), Gramsci argued that power is based on the presence of two elements: force and consensus.  If force triumphs over consensus, dominion is obtained.  On the other hand, if consensus prevails, hegemony exists. Thus, for Gramsci, hegemony is grounded essentially on consensus.  And this consensus is achieved by means of persuasion.   Persuasion  in all its forms is thereby used to convince that a specific political or cultural idea is better than the others or is “the only way” to view the world.  It is noteworthy to emphasize that   hegemony,  for Gramsci, is the hegemony of a specific “dominant social group or groups” over the whole society, applied  through the various st

Trends and Possibilities in Science Communication

One of the objectives of  science communication i s to make specific, jargon-laden information produced by scientists into content that non scientists can easily grasp and comprehend... One of the objectives of science communication i s to make specific, jargon-laden information produced by scientists into content that non scientists can easily grasp and comprehend. Currently, science communication or, in particular, science writing  requires a working knowledge of diverse skills, from journalism to communication, to multimedia and literary arts (Science Writing, 2017) .  With the onset of the information and communication technologies, the structure of the public communication system has been transformed, leading to the emerging trend on the part of audiences to prefer and turn to the online media to satisfy their information needs (Peters, 2013).  As technical and financial limitations to address the public directly online have largely vanished, more science organizations and in

The Material Force for Empowerment

Communication is imperative in influencing and modifying harmful ideas and notions of life that can impede certain groups of people to develop its full potentials.... Ever since, I have always been a conformist.  I’m that type of person who always conforms to the usual practices, opinions and beliefs inherent to the culture in which I belong. This is due to my desire to be recognized as a normal person and to be accepted as one by friends, acquaintances, colleagues and loved ones.  For this reason, I have always make it a point to take no risk in going beyond (in thoughts and in actions) the defined and traditionally accepted norms.   However,  I have now realized the importance of the “ critical method ” or the “philosophy of praxis” in addressing the diverse challenges that afflict the human life.  I have discovered that critical awareness should be a collective activity that involves not only intellectuals but also in concurrence with the political and social structures of

Reliability of Information Retrieved from the Internet

The internet has become a powerful platform to access information, but this sea of information available to all  has some disadvantages in terms of reliability. Some decades ago, when I was studying Communication Arts at the Philippine Women’s University , I remember that doing research was always a problem for me. At that time, research means spending at least half a day in the library of the PWU, in search for books, magazines and other related materials needed for my topic. It was always a big question mark whether I could find the literature needed to develop my topic. This was because the available  books at that time at the PWU were limited. And when this happens, my only option was to go to the Philippine National Library located in the vicinities of Luneta park to continue with my research. Going to the Philippine National Library was even more problematic because it was very far from the place where I was residing.  From Las Pinas, Metro Manila,  I had to spend at l